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Mining Engineering

Stephen McKinnon

Stephen D. McKinnon

Professor

Associate Head and Chair in Mine Design

Cross-appointed to:
Department of Geological Sciences and Geological Engineering, Queen’s University

Adjunct Professor:
Earth Sciences, Carleton University

Visiting Professor:
Luleå University of Technology, Division of Mining and Rock Engineering

(613)533-6553, Goodwin 335
Steve.McKinnon@queensu.ca

Stephen D. McKinnon

Biography

Dr. McKinnon has specific expertise in: Design of mine layouts and sequences using analytical, numerical and empirical methods. Mining in high stress rockburst prone environments, interpretation of mining seismicity. Geotechnical assessment of mining methods involving: stress field measurement and analysis, rock mass classification, numerical modelling, stability analysis, support design, instrumentation program design and interpretation. Rock slope stability analysis.

His research areas include:

  • Stress fields in complex geological environments.
  • Mine design in high stress conditions.
  • Mining induced seismicity.
  • Geodynamics modeling, mechanics of the earth’s crust.

Dr. McKinnon joined the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science at Queen’s in 1998 as Professor and Chair in Mine Design. He received a B.A.Sc. in Engineering Science (geophysics option) and an M.A.Sc. in Civil Engineering (geotechnical engineering) both from the University of Toronto. His Ph.D. is in mining engineering from the University of the Witwatersrand. Over his career, he has worked primarily in the consulting field of mining geomechanics, and has gained significant international experience having lived in Sweden, South Africa, Chile, the USA, and Canada. Dr. McKinnon is a registered Professional Engineer in the province of Ontario.

For more information, visit Dr. McKinnon’s personal web pages here.

Publications

Journal Publications

Baird, A., McKinnon, S.D. , "Linking stress field deflection to basement structures in southern Ontario: results from numerical modeling," Tectonophysics 432, 89, 100, 2007.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Triggering of seismicity remote from mining excavations," Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 39, 3, 255-279, 2006.

Kalenchuk, K.S., Diederichs, M.A., McKinnon, S.D., "Characterizing block geometry in jointed rock masses," International Journal of Rock Mechanics adn Mining Sciences 43, 1212-1225, 2006.

McKinnon, S.D. and de la Barra, I. , "Stress field analysis at the El Teniente Mine: Evidence for N-S compression in the modern Andes," Journal of Structural Geology 25, 2125-2139, 2003.

McKinnon, S.D., "Analysis of stress measurements using a numerical model methodology," International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences 38, 699-709, 2001.

McKinnon, S.D., Garrido del la Barra, I. , "Fracture initiation, growth and effect on stress field: a numerical investigation ," Journal of Structural Geology 20, 1673-1689, 2001.

Kalenchuk, K., McKinnon, S.D., Diederichs, M.S., "Block geometry and rock mass characterization for prediction of dilution potential into sub-level cave mine voids," International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. (Accepted)

Conference Proceedings

Kalenchuk, K., McKinnon, S.D., Diedericks, M.S. , "Dilution source prediction and characterization for blocky rock masses in steep walls or cave boundaries for bulk mining," The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 1st Symposium on Block and Sub-Level Caving, Cape Town South Africa, 2007.

Baird, A. and McKinnon, S.D. , "Effects of glaciation on the crustal stress field and seismicity," AESRC Conference, Queen's University, March, 2006.

DeGagne, D. and McKinnon, S.D. , "The influence of cave mass properties on discrete cave mass models," Proceedings of U.S. Rock Mechanics Symposium, Golden, Colorado, June, 2006.

McKinnon, S.D. and Labrie, D., "Interpretation of stresses adjacent to the Cadillic fault assuming marginal large-scale rock mass stability," Proceedings of the International Symposium on In-situ Rock Stresses , pp. 409-417, Trondheim Norway, June, 2006, M. Lu, C.C. Li, H.Kjorholt and H. Dahale, Edititors Taylor & Francis/ Balkema.

Baird, A. and McKinnon, S.D. , "Modelling crustal stesses in Southern Ontario," American Geophysical Union Annual General Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2005.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Rock Mass strength from a design perspective ," Invited Lecture Workshop on Rock Mass Strength, Lulea Technical University, Sweden , March, 2005.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Stress fields in complex rock masses ," Invited Lecture, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, March, 2005.

Baird, A. and McKinnon, S.D. , "Linking stress field deflection to basement structures in Southern Ontario: results from numerical modelling," Canadian Geophysical Union Annual Meeting , Banff Alberta, 2005.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Stress fields in complex rock masses ," Proceedings of Swedish Bergmekanikdagen, pp. 1-21, Stockholm, Sweden, 2005, SveBeFo.

DeGagne, D.O. and McKinnon, S.D., "The influence of blasting fragmentation on ore revovery in sublevel cave mines," 40th U.S. Symposium on Rock Mchanics , Anchorage Alaska, July, 2005.

Baird, A. and McKinnon, S.D. , "Stability of faults in Southern Ontario inferred from stress data," American Geophysical Union Joint Assembly , Montreal, Quebec, 2004.

DeGagne, D. and McKinnon, S.D. , "Numerical modeling of sub-level cave mining ," Canadian Young Geotechnical Engineers' and Geoscientists Conferene, Quebec City, Quebec, October, 2004.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Triggering of seismicity remote from mining: implications for in situ stresses and seismic risk assessment ," Seismological Society of America , Eastern Section Annual Meeting , 2003.

McKinnon, S.D., Harding, D., Birnie, K., "Crown Pillar Design at INCO's South Mine," NARMS-TAC Hammah et al. (eds), pp. 1041-1048, University of Toronto, 2002.

Jundis, R., Archibald, J.F., McKinnon, "Design of Underground Paste Backfill Stopes Using Centrifuge Tests," 14th CIM Mine Operator's Conference, Sudbury, ON , 2001.

Technical Reports & Other Publications

McKinnon, S.D. , "Gordonsville zinc mine ground control review," June, 2007, Report prepared for Dynatec Corp.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Review of rockbrust events, 4600-5100 levels, Garson Mine," March, 2007, Report Prepared for CVRD-Inco.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Review of rockburst sequence of 29 Nov, 2006, Creighton Mine," March, 2007, Report Prepared for CVRD-Inco .

Vallejos, J. and McKinnon, S.D. , "Guidelines for the development of re-entry protocols into seismically active mines," December, 2006, WORKSHOP Report and Guidelines provided at MASHA sponsored industy workshop.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Numerical Modelling of Pillar Stability, Prometeo Pit, Unidad Hercules," 2006, Report submitted to Minera del Norte, Mexico.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Dilution and Stablilty During Mining Of Stopes 155549 and 257260," November, 2005, Report submitted to Dome Mine, Placer Dome CLA ltd. .

McKinnon, S.D. , "Review of underground and open pit stability, Hercules Mine Mexico," October, 2005, Report submitted to Minera del Norte.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Geotechnical Review board report, Laronde II project," March, 2005, Report submitted to Agnico Eagle Mines Ltd..

McKinnon, S.D. , "Geotechnical Reference document, Laronde II project," January, 2005, Report submitted to Agnico Eagle Mines Ltd. .

McKinnon, S.D. , "Rock Strength Testing, Laronde II project," 2004, Technical Report Submitted to Agnico Eagle Ltd..

McKinnon, S.D. , "Stress field at the Laronde Mine," 2004, Technical report submitted to Agnico Eagle Ltd.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Review of geomechanics aspects of mine design - Laronde II Project," 2004, Technical report submitted to Agnico- Eagle Ltd.

McKinnon, S.D. and de la Barra, I. , "Stress field analysis at the El Teniente Mine: evidence for N-S compression in the modern Andes," 2003, accepted for publication in the Journal of Structural Geology, Vol 25, No. 12, pp. 2125-2139..

McKinnon, S.D, "Triggering of seismicity remote from mining: implications for in situ stresses and seismic risk assessment," October, 2003, Paper accepted for presentation at the Seismological Society of America, Eastern Section Annual Meeting.

McKinnon, S.D. , "Review of 6970 Level Truck Dump Rockburst, Creighton Mine," 2003, Report submitted to INCO Ltd. .

McKinnon, S.D., Harding, D., Birnie, K., "Crown Pillar Design at INCO's South Mine," 2002, NARMS-TAC, Hammah et al. (eds), University of Toronto, pp. 1041-1048..

McKinnon, S. D. , "Analysis of Stress Measurements Using a Numerical Model Methodology," 2001, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 38, pp. 699-709.. .

McKinnon, S.D. , "An engineer's perspective on mining seismology," 2001, WORKSHOP Keynote address to industry workshop on mining seismicity organized by Engineering Seismology Group Canada Inc..

McKinnon, S.D. , "Geotechnical Audit Copper Cliff North Mine ," 2000, Technical report submitted to INCO Ltd.

.

McKinnon, S. D. and Lorig, L. J., "Considerations for Three-Dimensional Modelling in Analysis of Underground Excavations," 1999, in Distinct Element Modelling in Geomechanics, eds. V.M. Sharma, K.R. Saxena, R.D. Woods, Oxford & IBM Publishing Co., New Delhi..

McKinnon, S. D. and Garrido, I., "Fracture Initiation, Growth, and Effect on Stress Field: a Numerical Investigation," 1998, Journal of Structural Geology vol. 20 no. 12 pp 1673-1689..

Leijon, B., J. Sjöberg and S. D. McKinnon. , "Empirical Assessment of Failure Behavior of Stopes and Sill Pillars in Swedish Cut-and-Fill Mines," 1996, EUROCK'96, ISRM International Symposium on Prediction and Performance in Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, pp. 1109-1116, Turin, Italy..

Leijon, B., Sjöberg, J., and McKinnon, S. D. , "Empirical Assessment of Failure Behavior of Stopes and Sill Pillars in Swedish Cut-and-Fill Mines," 1994, ISRM International Symposium, IV South American Congress on Rock Mechanics, Santiago, Chile..

Tikoff, B., C. Teyssier, M. Markley and S. D. McKinnon., "The Role of Plate Motion on Strike-Slip Partitioning at Zones of Oblique Convergence/Divergence," 1994, in Abstract with Programs, 1994 Annual Meeting of The Geological Society of America, Seattle, pp. A-110. Golden, Colorado: GSA..

McKinnon, S. D., C. Teyssier and B. Tikoff. , "Mechanics of Strike-Slip Partitioned Systems and Application to the San Andreas Fault," 1994, in Abstracts with Programs, 1994 Annual Meeting of The Geological Society of America, Seattle, pp. A-110. Golden, Colorado: GSA..

McKinnon, S. D., and L. J. Lorig. , "Considerations for Three-Dimensional Modeling in Analysis of Underground Excavations," 1993, in Abstracts of the Second U.S. National Congress on Computational Mechanics (Washington, D.C., August), p. 92. Ahmed K. Noor, Chairman. Washington, D.C.: NASA. Also, submitted to the International Journal of Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics..

McKinnon, S. D. , "Extending the Traditional Role of Rock Reinforcement," 1988, Mintech '91. The Annual Review of International Mining Technology and Development. Sterling Publications International Ltd. pp. 70-73, 1991. An Industry Guide to Methods of Ameliorating the Hazards of Rockfalls and Rockbursts (User Guide 12). Chamber of Mines Research Organization Handbook (contributing author). COMRO, Johannesburg..

McKinnon, S. D., "Design of Shaft Protection Systems in Deep Mines," 1987, in Rock Mechanics and Other Aspects of Shaft Protection Systems (Randburg), J. A. L. Napier (ed.) pp. 46-61..

McKinnon, S. D. , "Alternatives to Shaft Pillars for the Protection of Deep Vertical Shaft Systems," 1987, Proceedings of 6th ISRM Congress on Rock Mechanics, Montreal, Vol 2, pp. 1129-1134..

McKinnon, S. D., "Downdip Mining with Stabilizing Pillars," 1984, Seminar on Stabilizing Pillars (Randburg).ilizing Pillars (Randburg)..

McKinnon, S.D., (2003) "Triggering of seismicity remote from mining: implications for in situ stresses and seismic risk assessment" Paper accepted for presentation at the Seismological Society of America, Eastern Section Annual Meeting, October 2003.

McKinnon, S.D. and de la Barra, I. (2003) "Stress field analysis at the El Teniente Mine: evidence for N-S compression in the modern Andes" accepted for publication in the Journal of Structural Geology, Vol 25, No. 12, pp. 2125-2139.

McKinnon, S.D., Harding, D., Birnie, K., (2002) "Crown Pillar Design at INCO's South Mine" NARMS-TAC, Hammah et al. (eds), University of Toronto, pp. 1041-1048.

McKinnon, S. D. (2001)"Analysis of Stress Measurements Using a Numerical Model Methodology" International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 38, pp. 699-709..

McKinnon, S. D. and Lorig, L. J., (1999) "Considerations for Three-Dimensional Modelling in Analysis of Underground Excavations", in Distinct Element Modelling in Geomechanics, eds. V.M. Sharma, K.R. Saxena, R.D. Woods, Oxford & IBM Publishing Co., New Delhi.

McKinnon, S. D. and Garrido, I. (1998) "Fracture Initiation, Growth, and Effect on Stress Field: a Numerical Investigation", Journal of Structural Geology vol. 20 no. 12 pp 1673-1689.

Leijon, B., J. Sjöberg and S. D. McKinnon. (1996) "Empirical Assessment of Failure Behavior of Stopes and Sill Pillars in Swedish Cut-and-Fill Mines," EUROCK'96, ISRM International Symposium on Prediction and Performance in Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, pp. 1109-1116, Turin, Italy.

McKinnon, S. D., C. Teyssier and B. Tikoff. (1994) "Mechanics of Strike-Slip Partitioned Systems and Application to the San Andreas Fault," in Abstracts with Programs, 1994 Annual Meeting of The Geological Society of America, Seattle, pp. A-110. Golden, Colorado: GSA.

Tikoff, B., C. Teyssier, M. Markley and S. D. McKinnon. (1994) "The Role of Plate Motion on Strike-Slip Partitioning at Zones of Oblique Convergence/Divergence," in Abstract with Programs, 1994 Annual Meeting of The Geological Society of America, Seattle, pp. A-110. Golden, Colorado: GSA.

Leijon, B., Sjöberg, J., and McKinnon, S. D. (1994) "Empirical Assessment of Failure Behavior of Stopes and Sill Pillars in Swedish Cut-and-Fill Mines". ISRM International Symposium, IV South American Congress on Rock Mechanics, Santiago, Chile.

McKinnon, S. D., and L. J. Lorig. (1993) "Considerations for Three-Dimensional Modeling in Analysis of Underground Excavations," in Abstracts of the Second U.S. National Congress on Computational Mechanics (Washington, D.C., August), p. 92. Ahmed K. Noor, Chairman. Washington, D.C.: NASA. Also, submitted to the International Journal of Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics.

McKinnon, S. D. (1988) "Extending the Traditional Role of Rock Reinforcement" Mintech '91. The Annual Review of International Mining Technology and Development. Sterling Publications International Ltd. pp. 70-73, 1991. An Industry Guide to Methods of Ameliorating the Hazards of Rockfalls and Rockbursts (User Guide 12). Chamber of Mines Research Organization Handbook (contributing author). COMRO, Johannesburg.

McKinnon, S. D. (1987) "Alternatives to Shaft Pillars for the Protection of Deep Vertical Shaft Systems" Proceedings of 6th ISRM Congress on Rock Mechanics, Montreal, Vol 2, pp. 1129-1134..

McKinnon, S. D. (1987) "Design of Shaft Protection Systems in Deep Mines", in Rock Mechanics and Other Aspects of Shaft Protection Systems (Randburg), J. A. L. Napier (ed.) pp. 46-61.

McKinnon, S. D. (1984) "Downdip Mining with Stabilizing Pillars", Seminar on Stabilizing Pillars (Randburg).

Courses

  • Underground mine design project
  • Stability analysis in mine design
  • Numerical modelling in mining geomechanics
  • Rock mass stability and seismicity in mines